Saturday, December 14, 2013

Most Stunning Crater Lakes in the World

1. Mount Mazama

Crater Lake is the main attraction of the Crater Lake National Park in Oregon, USA. It is well-known for its intense blue color and pure water. The depth of the lake is almost 2,000 feet! It is also the deepest lake in the United States of America.

2 Mount Katmai

This beautiful lake has formed in the caldera of a Mount Katmai volcano. It is located on the Alaska Peninsula within the Katmai National Park and Preserve. The lake is 2 by 3 miles wide, and it was formed after an eruption in 1912.

3 Quilotoa Caldera

Quilotoa caldera lake is located in the Ecuadorian Andes. The volcanic explosion that created the crater occurred about 800 years ago. After the explosion, the caldera filled with water, and now the lake is 820 feet deep.

4 Albertine Rift

Even in the areas where the population is quite dense, there are nonetheless almost pristine areas. One of such places is Queen Elizabeth park in Africa, covering the parts of Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania. This is where the beautiful Western - or Albertine - Rift is located.

5 Kelimutu

The volcano is located in Indonesia. There are three crater lakes at the summit and all three have different colors. The Tiwu Ata Mbupu or the "Lake of Old People" is usually blue. The other two lakes are green or red. The lake colors change from time to time.

6 Mount Pinatubo

Lake Pinatubo is located at the top of the Mount Pinatubo. It was formed soon after the volcano's eruption in 1991. The lake is located in the Philippines, and it is the deepest lake in the country, with the depth of 2,600 feet.

7 Mount Zao

Mount Zao is located in Japan, and it is a complex volcano, consisting of a cluster of stratovolcanoes. The lake has been formed in one of the craters after the eruption in 1720, and it is 1,200 feet deep. It is one of the main attractions for tourists in the area

8 Taal Volcano

This picturesque scenery is located on the Luzon island in the Philippines. The lake was formed inside a Taal volcano caldera. While it looks peaceful and beautiful, this volcano has had several violet eruptions in the past causing the death toll to be up to 6,000.

9 Deriba Crater Lake

Deriba Crater is the highest point of Jebel Marra at an elevation 9,980 feet. It is located in Darfur, the western part of Sudan. The volcano itself is considered a dormant one, not extinct, because there are still hot springs on its slopes.

10 Mount Ruapehu

Ruapehu is an active stratovolcano in New Zealand. It is the most active volcano in the world and the largest active volcano in New Zealand. However, despite the frequent eruptions, there is a lake in the crater between the peaks.

11 Yeak Laom

The lake Yeak Loam is located in northeastern Cambodia. This beautiful crater lake is situated in a 4,000 year old volcanic caldera. Because the lake is deep, 157 feet deep, its water is exceptionally clean and clear.

12 Kerith

The Icelandic lake called KeriĆ° (or, Anglicized, Kerith or Kerid) is a volcanic crater lake. There are several crater lakes in the area, and this one is one of the most visually recognizable calderas. The lake is shallow, but due to the minerals in the soil, the water is opaque and colored aquamarine.

13 Licancabur

Likankabur is an amazingly symmetrical stratovolcano located between Chile and Bolivia. The crater lake dimensions are 230 feet by 295 feet, and it sis one of the highest lakes in the world. Also, despite the air temperature as low as -22 degrees Fahrenheit, there is plankton in the lake.

14 Viti Crater

Viti is the crater on the north shore of Oskjuvatn, about 500 feet in diameter. There is a geothermal lake in the crater, and it is filled with mineral-rich, sulfurous, opaque blue water. The water in the lake is so warm that it is comfortable for swimming. However, due to carbon dioxide fumes, it is not advised to swim in the lake because the swimmer can pass out and drown.

15 Heavenly Lake

Heavenly Lake is a crater lake located between China and North Korea. A major eruption back in 969 A.D. formed the caldera, which was afterwards filled with water. The average depth of the lake is 699 feet with the maximum of 1,260 feet.


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